March Wildlife

Woodlands in particular come alive, before the trees are in leaf. Spring migrant birds start to arrive and the bird breeding season begins in earnest.

Flora

Woodland flowers include Wood Anemone, Lesser Celandine and Primrose.

Bluebell leaves are evident.

Daisies are flowering in your lawn.

Hawthorn comes into leaf.

Blackthorn and Gorse in flower.

Yew trees flower.

Poplar, Goat (Pussy) Willow & Aspen catkins in flower.

Birds

Many common woodland and garden birds start to nest and breed: Robin, Wren, Blackbirds, Thrushes, and members of the Tit family.

Water birds nesting such as Coot, Moorhen and Mallard.

Spring migrants start to arrive: Nightjars, Quail, Wheatear and Willow Warbler.

House Martins and Sand Martins arrive and start breeding.

Woodcocks start their spectacular aerial roding display over woodland.

Mammals

Badger cubs start to appear above ground.

Fox cubs are born.

Hares start breeding and perform boxing displays.

Bats are becoming active, feeding when warm enough but still reverting to torpor when cold.

Insects

First early butterflies include Brimstone, Peacock and Small Tortoiseshell.

Look out for various moths including Hebrew Character, Oak Beauty, March Moth, Twin-spotted Quaker and Dotted Chestnut.

The first small bumblebee queens emerge from hibernation – the Early bumblebee (Bombus pratorum) and the Common Carder bee (Bombus pascuorum).

Tawny Mining bees (Andrena fulva) emerge from their underground burrows. Near the end of the month look out for other early solitary bees such as Gwynnes’ Mining bee (Andrena bicolor) and a snail-shell nester, the Red-tailed Mason bee (Osmia bicolor).

 Header: Lesser celendine (Ficaria verna, formerly Ranunculus ficaria) in March, Radstock